Deficiency in thyroid hormone production and reduced functional activity of the thyroid gland define Hypothyroidism, which is a disorder of the thyroid gland. Thyroxine (T4) and triyodethyronine (T3) are hormones produced by the Thyroid, which is shaped like a butterfly and situated in the middle portion of the neck. These hormones are involved in the development, maintenance of most bodily processes and control metabolism.
The fact that thyroid hormones are involved in so many processes in the body means that hypothyroidism may cause various issues, including reduced heart rate, digestive difficulties, weight gain, and depression, as well as impaired fertility in women. So here you go. Options are now open for the best meds.
According to research published in the journal Thyroid, a significant percentage of the Spanish population suffers from some kind of thyroid dysfunction: 10 percent (9.1 percent hypothyroidism and 0.8 percent hyperthyroidism).
Women are ten times more likely than males to have hypothyroidism, which affects 5 percent of pregnant women and 7 percent of women after they have given child. In addition, if this disease is not addressed during pregnancy, children may inherit it and suffer physical and mental difficulties as a result. Women are more susceptible to contracting this illness after menopause than males are.
A doctor should be seen as soon as any of the symptoms of hypothyroidism are noticed since the condition may manifest itself and not be recognized until years after it first appears.
A frequent reason is Hashimoto’s disease, also known as chronic thyroiditis, which is a chronic inflammatory condition of the thyroid gland that is produced by an immune system response directed against the thyroid gland. This inflammation causes damage to the cells of the gland, resulting in changes in the synthesis of hormones in the process. It may occur at any age, although it is most often seen in women in their forties and fifties.
Treatment for thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, and hyperthyroidism, which involves surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland, may result in hypothyroidism in addition to the primary condition being treated.
Another possibility is postpartum thyroiditis, which is asymptomatic and has no apparent cause. This thyroiditis produces hyperthyroidism, which is followed by hypothyroidism, and it is reversible in 80 percent of patients after one year of treatment. Hypothyroidism may be congenital, in which case it can be identified and successfully treated with the heel test – or acquired soon after birth.